We hope you will contribute to a NASA-wide discussion and debate on the
various aspects of our philosophy. In an effort to kick start our dialogue, we
have provided a very minimal definition of two key components of the
philosophical heritage of Sankethis: Advaita Vedanta and Vedanta itself. If you
find that you do not agree with even these minimal definitions, we invite you
to provide use the reasons so that we may add it here to the community's
literally means "not-two" or non-duality.
Advaita is the school of Vedanta according to which there is only one reality -
the Brahman - and all multiplicity merely illusion (maya)
Advaita is the name of the oldest living school of Vedanta.
Advaita bases itself upon the Upanishads, the Brahma-Sutras and the Bhagavad
Advaita asserts that the real, essential identity of the Jiva (the individual
Self) is identical to Brahman itself. This assertion follows from Upanishadic
statements (Mahavakyas) such as "tat tvam asi" and "aham brahmasmi".
The main tenets of Advaita are detailed in commentaries written by
Shankaracharya, the famous philosopher who lived in the 7th - 8th
means "end of the Vedas" - a very literal reference to the final scriptures in
the Vedic literature - in particular the Upanishads.
Vedanta is one of the six
(i.e. viewpoints) in the Hindu orthodoxy. The other 5 viewpoints include Nyaya
(Logic), Vaisheshika (Teaching of Individual Characteristics), Karma Mimansa
(the school concerned with the ritual aspect of the Vedas), Sankhya, and the
yoga system of Patanjali.
Vedanta is typically identified as Hindu philosophy and contains the Upanishads
and Bhagavad Gita.
There is no ceremony by which one "joins" Vedanta.
Adherents of Vedanta tend to share certain convictions
Belief in reincarnation and the Law of Karma
The Atman -- the innately divine nature of man